We have the right tires for your vehicle. And every climate.
All-weather tires help provide versatile traction for certain wet, dry and lightly snow-covered roads. Grooves in the tread pattern help disperse water to help improve grip. All-season tires are designed to perform well in a variety of conditions, but because of this, they won’t provide the same amount of extreme grip and sharp handling as a performance tire, nor the ability to trek through deep snow or drive on ice. They’re kind of like the jack-of-all-trades of tires.
Sometimes called summer tires, performance tires are designed to help give increased handling, superior traction, cornering and braking in certain dry and wet warm weather. They feature unique tread patterns, construction features, and rubber compounds to help provide enhanced precision and responsiveness. One of the most visible features that can help you spot a performance tire is the short, low profile sidewall.
When the temperature dips below 7°C, it’s time for winter tires. The rubber compounds remain flexible even in extremely cold temperatures, allowing the tire to grip the road better. Plus, tread designs with larger gaps help provide increased traction on slush, snow and ice. All winter tires come with a mountain snowflake symbol to let you know that they meet specific traction performance requirements set by the Tire and Rubber Association of Canada.
Tires are engineered to deliver optimum performance and handling geared to your specific vehicle and driving habits. Naturally, you want your tires to last as long as they can. One of the ways to extend the life of tires is through proper care and maintenance, which is also important for safe operation, and may even help improve fuel efficiency.
Tire Tread Depth
Tires should be replaced when tread depth is 1/16” (2 mm). Here’s an easy way to check your tread depth with a toonie. Slip the toonie in between the tread blocks. If the silver part of the toonie is covered, your tires are about half worn. If the tread only reaches the words ‘CANADA’ or ‘DOLLARS’, it’s time to replace your tires.
Sidewall Wear & Tear
While tread depth is an important indicator of tire wear, some signs can also appear on the sidewall. It’s important to check the sidewalls regularly for bulges and cracks as these can lead to slow leaks or even a blowout when driving at high speeds. Sidewall cracks and bulges can occur after driving over potholes or hitting a curb.
Decoding the Sidewall
From size and tire type, to the date when your tires were manufactured, there’s a wealth of information in those numbers and symbols on your sidewall. The next few sections will explain in more detail.
If you drive a 2017 Ford Escape S, your tire size would be 235/55R17. Here’s what those numbers mean: 235 is the width in mm from sidewall to sidewall; 55 is the aspect ratio, so this means the height is equal to 55% of the tire’s width; R stands for radial construction; and 17 is rim diameter in inches of the wheel from one end to the other.
Load Index & Speed Rating
Using the 2017 Ford Escape S example, you would see 99H on the sidewall. 99 represents the load index – a number that corresponds to the maximum weight a tire can support when properly inflated. H is the speed rating that tells you the maximum service speed for a tire. H stands for 210 km/h (but isn't a recommendation to exceed speed limits!).
On the sidewall you’ll also notice 4 numbers, often preceded by the letters ‘DOT’. The DOT Tire Identification Number, represents the date of manufacture by week and year. So for example, if the number was 3616, that means your tires were made in the 36th week of 2016.
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